At the beginning of each day, a morning assembly is held before classes begin. Everyone attends the twenty-minute assembly, and the one of the student addresses some good thoughts , something new is there in his/her mind and share it with others. After this, classes begin.


    Each class lasts between 40 and 45 minutes in primary school and 50 minutes in upper primary school. Students are given a 5- to 10-minute break between consecutive classes. During the morning hours there are four classes, and many elementary schools also include a 20-minute recess.


    Lunch time starts at twelve thirty and lasts for about 40 minutes. At public schools, where school meals are provided, the students are responsible for carrying the meals to their classroom - where they eat - and serving portions, and for cleaning up afterwards.


    After lunch it's time for recess, which is about 20 minutes long. Some schools use this time for cleaning the classrooms: The students move the desks and chairs to one side of the room, then broom and wipe the floor, clean the blackboard, and throw away the trash. Afternoon classes begin after the cleaning.

    In lower elementary school classes are only in the mornings, and the children go home after lunch. But in upper elementary school and higher there are five classes each day; middle school students even attend six classes on some days of the week.


    Elementary school students can choose from a wide variety of after-school clubs, which usually meet once a week. Through club activities the students have the opportunity to receive training in sports, or to deepen their understanding of subjects that interest them. Elementary school students in Japan usually leave school at around three o'clock


    Once the students enter middle school, though, extracurricular activities take on a bigger role: Some clubs meet several times a week, or even every day, and on some days the students won't leave school until around five o'cl